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Nordkoreanische und chinesische Medien berichten über Kims China besuch: Worum es ging.

Die chinesischen und nordkoreanischen Behörden haben gestern Abend begonnen Details über die Reise Kim Jong Ils nach China zu veröffentlichen. Das Tourprogramm der Reise war durch Beobachter ja schon recht genau beschrieben worden und konzentrierte sich vor allem auf industrielle Anlagen und technologische Produktion (laut KCNA sagte Wen Jiabao, Kim Il Sung habe vor zwanzig Jahren die gleiche Reise gemacht). Die Berichte aus China und Nordkorea konzentrieren sich aber auf den Austausch zwischen hochrangigen Politikern beider Länder.

Kim Jong Il traf sich auf dem letzten Abschnitt seiner Reise in Peking sowohl mit Präsident Hu Jintao als auch mit Premier Wen Jiabao. Auch auf der Liste stand Xi Jinping, der mutmaßliche Nachfolger Hu Jintaos. Außerdem standen Kim Jong Il während seiner gesamten Reise laut KCNA Dai Bingguo und Wang Jiarui als Reisebegleiter zur Seite. Beide haben Nordkorea in letzter Zeit besucht und Besuch aus Kims Regime empfangen. Hinsichtlich der bilateralen Beziehungen beider Länder stellte Hu Jintao fünf Punkte in den Fokus, auf die man sich künftig konzentrieren möchte:

  • Step up high-level visits and deepen China-DPRK friendship. He welcomed DPRK leaders to visit China.
  • Make more efforts to share experiences on party building and state governance and promote economic and social development.
  • Improve mutually beneficial cooperation to benefit the two peoples.
  • Deepen exchanges in culture, education and sports, particularly the exchanges among young people, to pass on China-DPRK friendship from generation to generation.
  • Increase communication and maintain coordination on international and regional situations as well as crucial issues, and jointly safeguard regional peace and stability.

Also grundsätzlich keine Überraschungen. Weiche Themen wie Kooperation in Sport, Bildung und Kultur und hochrangige Treffen. Wirtschaftliche Kooperation wurde zwar ebenfalls erwähnt, aber was konkret in diesem Bereich angesprochen wurde klingt nicht extrem weitreichend:

China is ready to make joint efforts with the DPRK to give full play to various bilateral working mechanisms, further encourage initiatives by localities and enterprises and enhance planning and coordination in an effort to boost win-win cooperation to a higher level, Wen said.

Kim hailed the tremendous achievements of bilateral trade cooperation in recent years, adding that the two sides have taken a significant step forward in building a new cross-border bridge over the Yalu River.

Mich wundert ein bisschen, dass kein Wort von den beiden chinesisch-nordkoreanischen Großprojekten in Rason und Hwanggumpyong nicht erwähnt wurden (obwohl die Brücke damit im Zusammenhang stehen könnte, weiß ich nicht). Aber vielleicht will man noch abwarten wie sich die Vorhaben weiterentwickeln.

Eingang in den Kanon der Standardfloskeln scheint die Aussage über die Weitergabe der Freundschaft zwischen China und Nordkorea über die Generationen hinweg zu finden. Die ist sowohl in den chinesischen als auch den nordkoreanischen Statements zu finden, so auch am Ende von Kim Jong Ils Rede bei dem Bankett, das Hu Jintao zu seinen Ehren ausrichtete:

Esteemed Comrade General Secretary Hu Jintao,

Dear Chinese comrades,

I am very pleased to visit China again at the invitation of you, respected Comrade General Secretary, and have meaningful meetings with you and other Chinese friends.

I, first of all, would like to express deep thanks to you for having invited us to this grand banquet, though very busy with important internal and external political affairs, and made a friendly speech just before.

My thanks also go to the collective leadership of the Communist Party of China and other Chinese comrades for warmly welcoming us with comradely and friendly feelings during our tour from Heilongjiang Province, our first leg, to Beijing.

Visiting China again after nine months amid warm welcome, we have newly felt friendly feelings of the Chinese people, our close neighbor sharing a mountain and rivers with us.

We toured northeast China where traditional DPRK-China friendship struck root, Jiangxi Province that PresidentKim Il Sungwent round during his last China visit and other vast areas of China. During the days we have been much moved by great changes and progress made in the areas under the leadership of the Communist Party of China with you as general secretary.

We are sincerely rejoiced at the achievements of the Chinese people as at our own.

This year is very significant for the Chinese people as they will greet the 90th anniversary of the CPC and started to carry on the 12th five-year plan for economic and social development.

We sincerely hope that the fraternal Chinese people will significantly celebrate the CPC anniversary and make greater achievements in the effort for adhering to the scientific outlook on development, defending the social stability and building a harmoniously developed socialist society under the leadership of the CPC headed by you.

The Chinese party and government are greatly contributing to rejecting high-handedness and dominationism and ensuring world peace and stability by pursuing a foreign policy sovereign and independent, under the banner of peace, development and cooperation.

All their signal successes go to clearly prove the scientific nature and invincibility of socialism.

We are grateful to the Chinese party and government for valuing the DPRK-China relations, striving hard to develop them and always supporting the Korean people in their effort for socialist construction and the country’s reunification.

We are also satisfied with a good strategic understanding between our two parties and two countries and with the proper implementation of agreements reached between us and the collective leadership of CPC in the political, economic, cultural and all other fields.

The traditional DPRK-China friendship, which has invariably displayed its great vitality even in the complicated international situation, will be further consolidated and developed in the future, powerfully propelling the just struggle of our two peoples for the common cause — socialist construction and national reunification.

I am very happy that our China visit serves as a good occasion in putting spurs to the development of the traditional friendship between the two countries, which struck root deep in the minds of the two peoples, overcoming all trials through history.

Our party and government will as ever make every possible effort to steadily develop the bilateral friendship, a precious heritage and common treasure provided by revolutionaries of the elder generations of the two countries.

The DPRK-China friendship will be evergreen like forests of Mt, Paektu and will be continued through generations like the flow of the River Amnok.

Interessieren wird euch vielleicht auch noch, wer Kim Jong Il auf seinem Besuch begleitete. Natürlich war Kims vermutlich wichtigste Stütze, sein Schwager Jang Song-thaek dabei, sowie einige altgediente Diplomaten und Politiker wie Choe Thae-bok oder Kim Yong-il. Auch wieder dabei waren einige Shootingstars im Regime: Pak To-chun und Thae Jong-su, sowie Mun Kyong-dok, die seit relativ kurzer Zeit ihren Weg nach Oben angetreten haben und Kim auch schon bei seinen letzten Reisen begleitet haben. Außerdem waren einige interessante Leute aus der Diplomatenecke des Regimes dabei, die ebenfalls kürzlich in der Hierarchie aufgestiegen sind: Kang Sok-ju und Kim Kye-gwan.

Sicherlich sind in der Berichterstattung über die Reise noch einige weitere interessante Aspekte zu finden, aber von meiner Seite soll das erstmal ausreichen. Bei KCNA, Xinhua und der Global Times werdet ihr noch einiges finden können, das ich nicht verlinkt habe.

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