Update 3 (20.12.2011): Ja er ist wirklich tot und sitzt nicht mit Elvis in Memphis rum oder so. Zum Beweis hat die nordkoreanische Führung das Mediengerecht ins Bild gerückt. Auch interessant, wen man alles beim defillieren beobachten kann:
Update 2 (19.12.2011): Wenig überraschend hier erste Bilder der Massentrauer in Pjöngjang:
Update 1 (19.12.2011): Ich habe mittlerweile was zu den Dingen rund um den Tod Kim Jong Ils geschrieben, die ich bemerkenswert finde und außerdem was zu wichtigen Faktoren, die die Stabilität des Regimes in Pjöngjang in den nächsten Tagen und Wochen beeinflussen können. Wer also weiterlessen will…
Ursprünglicher Beitrag (19.12.2011): Heute Morgen (12 Uhr Mittag Ortszeit) meldeten die nordkoreanischen Staatsmedien, dass Kim Jong Il am Samstag dem 17.12.2011 um 8:30 auf einer Zugfahrt verstorben sei. Er sei einem schweren Herzinfarkt erlegen, als er auf dem Weg zu einer Vor-Ort-Besichtigung war. Er habe aufgrund seines permanenten Wirkens um eine gedeihende Nation zu errichten unter schweren mentaler und physischer Überlastung gelitten. Kim Jong Un wurde von den nordkoreanischen Medien unmittelbar als Nachfolger bezeichnet:
Standing in the van of the Korean revolution at present is Kim Jong Un, great successor to the revolutionary cause of Juche and outstanding leader of our party, army and people.
Kim Jong Un’s leadership provides a sure guarantee for creditably carrying to completion the revolutionary cause of Juche through generations, the cause started byKim Il Sung and led by Kim Jong Il to victory.
[…] Under the leadership of Kim Jong Un we should turn our sorrow into strength and courage and overcome the present difficulties and work harder for fresh great victory of the Juche revolution.
Als Reaktion auf die Meldung versetzte Südkorea sein Militär und Polizei in Alarmbereitschaft und die Truppenbewegungen entlang der Demillitarierten Zone würden eng beobachtet, das Parlament trat zu einer Sondersitzung zusammen und der nationale Sicherheitsrat trat zusammen. Auch in Japan wurde der Sicherheitsrat einberufen und die USA, Japan und Südkorea würden in engen Konsultationen hinsichtlich der Ereignisse in Nordkorea stehen. Überraschenderweise drückte Japans Regierung ihr Beileid gegenüber Nordkorea aus. In Folge von Kims Tod und einer befürchteten Instabilität infolge dessen, stürzten die Aktienkurse in Südkorea ab. Auch in anderen Ländern der Region reagierten die Märkte mit Sorge.
Dem Begräbniskomitee steht nach Meldungen von KCNA Kim Jong Ils Sohn Kim Jong Un vor. Dies wird als Beleg dafür gedeutet, dass das Regime die Situation damit vorerst unter Kontrolle hat. Die Reihenfolge der weiteren Namen des Komittees entspricht weitgehend der wahrgenommenen aktuellen Rangfolge im Regime. Die Trauerperiode wird vom 20. bis zum 29. Dezember dauern. Vom 20. bis zum 27. werden Trauernde auf dem Kumusan Platz die Überreste Kims beweinen können (Ob sie es wirklich tun werden sei mal dahingestellt. Jedoch werden vermutlich jetzt schon Bilder von Weinenden und Verzweifelten in Dauerschleife auf KCTV laufen). Am 28. Dezember die Abschiedszeremonie und am 29. eine nationale Gedenkstunde abgehalten. Ausländische Trauerdelegationen sollen nicht empfangen werden.
Hier gibt es einen Bericht der Tagesschau mit Originalaufnahmen von der Meldung bei KCTV. Und hier habe ich mittlerweile was zu den Dingen rund um den Tod Kim Jong Ils geschrieben, die ich bemerkenswert finde und hier zu wichtigen Faktoren, die die Stabilität des Regimes in Pjöngjang in den nächsten Tagen und Wochen beeinflussen können.
Nordkoreas Medien zum Tod Kim Jong Ils
Ich werde mich gleich Gedanken zu den Folgen des Todes machen, aber vorerst könnt ihr in der Folge die Originalmeldungen von KCNA (zum selbst nachlesen gehts hier zur Homepage von KCNA) zu Kim Jong Ils Tod nachlesen:
The Central Committee and the Central Military Commission of the Workers‘ Party of Korea, the National Defence Commission of the DPRK, the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly and the Cabinet of the DPRK on Saturday announced the following notice to all party members, servicepersons and people:
The Central Committee and the Central Military Commission of the Workers‘ Party of Korea, the National Defence Commission of the DPRK, the Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly and the Cabinet of the DPRK notify with bitterest grief to all the party members, servicepersons and people of the DPRK thatKim Jong Il, general secretary of the Workers‘ Party of Korea, chairman of the National Defence Commission of the DPRK and supreme commander of the Korean People’s Army, passed away of a sudden illness at 08: 30 on December 17, Juche 100 (2011) on his way to field guidance.
He dedicated all his life to the inheritance and accomplishment of the revolutionary cause of Juche and energetically worked day and night for the prosperity of the socialist homeland, happiness of people, reunification of the country and global independence. He passed away too suddenly to our profound regret.
His sudden demise at a historic time when an epochal phase is being opened for accomplishing the cause of building a powerful and prosperous socialist state and the Korean revolution is making steady victorious progress despite manifold difficulties and trials is the greatest loss to the WPK and the Korean revolution and the bitterest grief to all the Koreans at home and abroad.
Kim Jong Il, who was born as a son of guerillas on Mt. Paektu, the holy mountain of the revolution, and grew up to be a great revolutionary, wisely led the party, the army and people for a long period, performing undying revolutionary feats on behalf of the country, the people, the times and history.
Kim Jong Il possessed of personality and qualifications as a great man on the highest and perfect level was an outstanding thinker and theoretician who led the revolution and construction along the path of steady victories with his profound ideologies and theories and remarkable leadership. He was also peerlessly political elder and outstanding and illustrious commander of Songun and peerless patriot and tender-hearted father of the people who recorded the whole history of the revolutionary struggle with ardent love for the country and its people and noble dedication.
Considering it as his lifelong mission to carry to completion generation after generation the revolutionary cause of Juche started by PresidentKim Il Sung, Kim Jong Il pushed forward the revolution and construction in line with the idea and intention of the President as the dearest comrade and the most loyal comrade-in-arms of the President.
Kim Jong Il comprehensively developed in depth the immortal Juche idea, Songun idea, fathered by the President and glorified it as the idea guiding the era of independence with his clairvoyant wisdom and energetic ideological and theoretical activities. He firmly defended and carried forward the revolutionary traditions of Mt. Paektu with pure mind, thereby giving a steady continuity to the Korean revolution.
Kim Jong Il, genius of the revolution and construction, developed the party, army and state to be the party, army and state of Kim Il Sung, put the dignity and power of the nation on the highest level and ushered in the golden days of prosperity unprecedented in the nation’s history spanning 5 000 years under the uplifted banner of modeling the whole society on the Juche idea.
Kim Jong Il, supreme incarnation of the revolutionary moral obligation, set a great example in perpetuating the memory of PresidentKim Il Sung unknown in human political history, thus making sure that the august name of the President, his undying revolutionary career and exploits always shine along with the eternal history of Juche Korea.
Kim Jong Il, great master of politics and illustrious commander born of Heaven, honorably defended the socialist gains, noble heritage bequeathed by the President, by dint of Songun politics despite the collapse of the world socialist system, the demise of the President which was the greatest loss to the nation, the vicious offensive of the imperialist allied forces to stifle the DPRK and severe natural disasters. He turned the DPRK into an invincible political and ideological power in which single-minded unity has been achieved and made it emerge a nuclear weapons state and an invincible military power which no enemy can ever provoke.
True to PresidentKim Il Sung’s behest,Kim Jong Ilset a gigantic goal to build a prosperous and powerful country and led an all-people general advance for attaining it, thus making the drive for a great revolutionary surge rage throughout the country and bringing about great innovations and leap forward on all fronts of socialist construction.
Kim Jong Il, father of the nation and lodestar of national reunification, led all the fellow countrymen to the road of independence and great national unity with his rock-firm will to implement the instructions of the President for national reunification and ushered in the June 15 era of reunification in which the noble idea of „By our nation itself“ is materialized.
As a great guardian of socialism and justice, he conducted energetic external activities for the victory of the socialist cause, global peace and stability and friendship and solidarity among peoples under the uplifted banner of independence against imperialism, thus remarkably raising the international position and prestige of the DPRK and making immortal contributions to the human cause of independence.
In the whole period of his protracted revolutionary guidance, he valued and loved the people very much and always shared weal and woe with them. He continued to make difficult forced march for field guidance, making unremitting efforts and working heart and soul to build a thriving country and improve the standard of people’s living. He died from repeated mental and physical fatigue on a train in that course.
The whole life of Kim Jong Il was the most brilliant life of a great revolutionary who covered an untrodden thorny path with his iron will and superhuman energy, holding aloft the red flag of revolution. It was the life of the peerless patriot who dedicated his all to the country and its people.
He passed away to our regret before seeing the victory of the cause of building a thriving nation, the national reunification and the accomplishment of the revolutionary cause of Juche so ardently desired by him, but laid a strong political and military base for ensuring the steady advance of the Korean revolution through generations and provided a solid foundation for the eternal prosperity of the country and the nation.
Standing in the van of the Korean revolution at present is Kim Jong Un, great successor to the revolutionary cause of Juche and outstanding leader of our party, army and people.
Kim Jong Un’s leadership provides a sure guarantee for creditably carrying to completion the revolutionary cause of Juche through generations, the cause started byKim Il Sungand led by Kim Jong Il to victory.
We have the invincible revolutionary army of Mt. Paektu faithful to the cause of the Workers‘ Party of Korea, the great unity of the army and people closely rallied around the Party, the best Korean-style socialist system centered on the popular masses and the solid foundation of the independent national economy.
Under the leadership of Kim Jong Un we should turn our sorrow into strength and courage and overcome the present difficulties and work harder for fresh great victory of the Juche revolution.
Our army and people will hold leaderKim Jong Il in high esteem forever with unshakable faith and noble sense of moral obligation. True to his behests, they will make neither slightest concession nor delay on the road of the Juche revolution, the Songun revolution but resolutely defend his undying feats and glorify them for all ages.
All the party members, servicepersons and people should remain loyal to the guidance of respected Kim Jong Un and firmly protect and further cement the single-minded unity of the party, the army and the people.
Under the uplifted banner of Songun, we should increase the country’s military capability in every way to reliably safeguard the Korean socialist system and the gains of revolution and make the torch lit in South Hamgyong Province, the drive for the industrial revolution in the new century, rage throughout the country and thus bring about a decisive turn in building an economic power and improving the standard of people’s living.
We will surely achieve the independent reunification of the country by concerted efforts of all Koreans by thoroughly implementing the Three Charters for National Reunification and the north-south joint declarations.
Our party and people will strive hard to boost friendship and solidarity with the peoples of different countries, guided by the idea of independence, peace and friendship, and build an independent and peaceful, new world free from domination, subjugation, aggression and war.
Arduous is the road for our revolution to follow and grim is the present situation. But no force on earth can check the revolutionary advance of our party, army and people under the wise leadership of Kim Jong Un.
The heart of Kim Jong Il stopped beating, but his noble and august name and benevolent image will always be remembered by our army and people and his glorious history of revolutionary activities and undying feats will remain shining in the history of the country forever.
Kim Jong Il, general secretary of the Workers‘ Party of Korea, chairman of the DPRK National Defence Commission and supreme commander of the Korean People’s Army, passed away from a great mental and physical strain at 08:30 December 17, 2011, on train during a field guidance tour.
The WPK Central Committee and Central Military Commission, DPRK National Defence Commission, Presidium of the Supreme People’s Assembly and Cabinet released a notice on Saturday informing the WPK members, servicepersons and all other people of his passing away.
Leader Kim Jong Il had received medical treatment for his cardiac and cerebrovascular diseases for a long period.
He suffered an advanced acute myocardial infarction, complicated with a serious heart shock, on train on December 17, Juche 100 (2011) for a great mental and physical strain caused by his uninterrupted field guidance tour for the building of a thriving nation.
Every possible first-aid measure was taken immediately but he passed away at 08:30 on December 17.
An autopsy on December 18 fully confirmed the diagnosis of his diseases.
The National Funeral Committee released a following notice on Saturday:
It notifies that it decided as follows so that the whole party, army and people can express the most profound regret at the demise of leaderKim Jong Iland mourn him in deep reverence:
His bier will be placed at the Kumsusan Memorial Palace.
Mourning period will be set from Dec. 17 to 29, Juche 100 (2011) and mourners will be received from Dec. 20 to 27.
A farewell-bidding ceremony will be solemnly held in Pyongyang on Dec. 28.
A national memorial service forKim Jong Ilwill be held on Dec. 29.
Mourning guns will be boomed in Pyongyang and in provincial seats timed to coincide with the national memorial service in Pyongyang and all the people will observe three minutes‘ silence and all locomotives and vessels will blow sirens all at once.
All institutions and enterprises across the country will hold mourning events during the mourning period and all provinces, cities and counties will hold memorial services timed to coincide with the national memorial service in Pyongyang.
The institutions and enterprises will hoist flags at half-mast and musical and all other entertainments will be refrained.
Foreign mourning delegations will not be received.
National funeral committee will be made up of following persons:Kim Jong Un, Kim Yong Nam, Choe Yong Rim, Ri Yong Ho, Kim Yong Chun, Jon Pyong Ho, Kim Kuk Thae, Kim Ki Nam, Choe Thae Bok, Yang Hyong Sop, Kang Sok Ju, Pyon Yong Rip, Ri Yong Mu, Kim Kyong Hui, Kim Yang Gon, Kim Yong Il, Pak To Chun, Choe Ryong Hae, Jang Song Thaek, Ju Kyu Chang, Kim Rak Hui, Thae Jong Su, Kim Phyong Hae, Kim Jong Gak, U Tong Chuk, Kim Chang Sop, Mun Kyong Dok, Ri Thae Nam, O Kuk Ryol, Kim Chol Man, Ri Ul Sol, Jon Ha Chol, Kang Nung Su, Ro Tu Chol, Jo Pyong Ju, Han Kwang Bok, Paek Se Bong, Ri Yong Su, Choe Hui Jong, O Il Jong, Kim Jong Im, Chae Hui Jong, Kim Ki Ryong, Jang Pyong Gyu, Kim Pyong Ryul, Hong In Bom, Ri Man Gon, Ju Yong Sik, Kwak Pom Gi, O Su Yong, Ro Pae Gwon, Pak Thae Dok, Kim Hi Thaek, Kang Yang Mo, Rim Kyong Man, Kim Kyong Ok, Kim Myong Guk, Kim Won Hong, Hyon Chol Hae, Han Tong Gun, Jo Kyong Chol, Pak Jae Gyong, Pyon In Son, Yun Jong Rin, Jong Myong Do, Ri Pyong Chol, Choe Sang Ryo, Kim Yong Chol, Kang Phyo Yong, Kim Hyong Ryong, Ri Yong Hwan, Kim Chun Sam, Choe Kyong Song, Ri Myong Su, Jon Hui Jong, Ri Yong Gil, Hyon Yong Chol, Choe Pu Il, Yang Tong Hun, Ri Pong Juk, Kim Song Chol, Pak Kwang Chol, Ri Pyong Sam, Jon Chang Bok, O Kum Chol, Kim In Sik, Kim Song Dok, Ryo Chun Sok, Pak Sung Won, Ri Yong Chol, Pak Ui Chun, Kim Hyong Sik, Kim Thae Bong, Jon Kil Su, Ri Mu Yong, An Jong Su, Ri Ryong Nam, Ryu Yong Sop, Pak Myong Chol, Kim Yong Jin, Jang Chol, Song Ja Rip, Kim Jong Suk, Kang Tong Yun, Kim Pyong Ho, Cha Sung Su, Ryang Man Gil, Yun Tong Hyon, Ko Pyong Hyon, Ri Pong Dok, Pak Jong Gun, Choe Yong Dok, Jong In Guk, Jon Ryong Guk, Ri Hyong Gun, Hwang Sun Hui, Paek Kye Ryong, Kim Tong Il, Kim Tong I, Ri Jae Il, Pak Pong Ju, Jong Myong Hak, Kang Kwan Il, Hwang Pyong So, Kwon Hyok Bong, Hong Sung Mu, Kim U Ho, Han Chang Sun, Ri Chun Il, Ri Thae Sop, Jo Song Hwan, Tong Yong Il, Ri Chang Han, Ko Su Il, Ri Kuk Jun, Sin Sung Hun, Ri Thae Chol, Yang In Guk, Ri Hi Su, Ri Chol, Hyon Sang Ju, Ri Myong Gil, Ro Song Sil, Tong Jong Ho, Kang Min Chol, Kim Hui Yong, Jo Yong Chol, Hwang Hak Won, An Tong Chun, Paek Ryong Chon, Hong Kwang Sun, Ri Su Yong, Kim Yong Ho, Pang Ri Sun, Choe Chun Sik, Ri Je Son, Ri Sang Gun, Ri Hong Sop, Cha Yong Myong, Kang Kwan Ju, Thae Hyong Chol, Kim Pyong Hun, Kim Kye Gwan, Han Chang Nam, Kim Chang Myong, Jon Chang Rim, O Chol San, Son Chong Nam, Jong Un Hak, Cha Kyong Il, Kang Ki Sop, Choe Tae Il, Choe Yong Do, Ri Yong Ju, Jon Kwang Rok, Ri Chan Hwa, So Tong Myong, Jon Song Ung, Ji Jae Ryong, Kim Yong Jae, Ri Yong Ho, Hong So Hon, Kim Tong Il, Kim Tong Un, Kim Pong Ryong, Jo Jae Yong, Choe Chan Gon, Ryom In Yun, Kim Chon Ho, Jang Ho Chan, Song Kwang Chol, Ri Ki Su, Ri Jong Sik, Choe Hyon, Jang Myong Hak, Kang Hyong Bong, Kim Chung Gol, Kim Yong Gwang, Choe Kwan Jun, Jang Yong Gol, Kim Myong Sik, Ho Song Gil, No Kwang Chol, Jong Pong Gun, Pak Chang Bom, Choe Pong Ho, Jong Mong Phil, Jon Kyong Son, Ri Song Gwon, Choe Yong, Kim Thae Mun, Kim Yong Suk, Cha Jin Sun, Ri Min Chol, Ri Il Nam, Kim Chang Su, Pak Myong Sun, Choe Pae Jin, Kim Chol, Sim Chol Ho, O Ryong Il, Kye Yong Sam, Ryu Hyon Sik, Ko Myong Hui, Pang Yong Uk, Jang Jong Ju, Ho Kwang Uk, Ji Tong Sik, Jong Pong Sok, Choe Kwon Su, Kim Yong Dae and Ryu Mi Yong